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Freedom Works gives

A Brief History of Common Core

Two Washington, D.C. (not state) based organizations the

NGA (National Governor’s

Association) and CCSSO (Council of Chief State School Officers) were

paid by special

interest groups to develop and implement a political strategy to create national curriculum

standards.

Neither organization has been granted any authority from states.

In 2007, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the Eli Broad Foundation

pledged $60 million to create uniform American standards.

In 2008, the Gates Foundation awarded a $2.2 million grant to “governors and

stakeholders” to promote the adoption of national standards.

In 2008, the NGA, CCSSO, and Achieve, Inc. (DC based firm) wrote Benchmarking for

Success, the vision for common core, funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

This plan outlined five steps, none of which allows for local or even state control of the

education process:

“Upgrade” state standards by adopting a common core of internationally

benchmarked standards in math and language arts.

Leverage states’ collective influence to ensure that textbooks, digital media,

curricula, and assessments are aligned.

Revised state policies for recruiting, preparing, developing, and supporting

teachers and school leaders.

Hold schools and systems accountable through monitoring, interventions, and

support.

Measure statelevel

education performance globally.

States accepted the standards in 2009 through the American Recovery and

Reinvestment Act (ARRA) in which Congress stated that $4.35 billion was earmarked to

states that improve state standards and enhance academic success.

The week after ARRA was announced, the Race to the Top process was

unveiled, earmarking the funds directly to states who agree to specific uniform

standards.

Gates Foundation executives were hired to serve as Secretary of Education Arne

Duncan’s chief of staff and as head of the Office of Innovation and Improvement.

It is currently estimated that the Gates Foundation has spent more than $163 million to

develop and advance Common Core standards.

On June 1, 2009 Common Core is officially announced with revised objectives mimicking

those in the original Benchmarking for Success document, to include:

adopting internationally benchmarked standards and assessments

building data systems that measure student success

increasing teacher and principal effectiveness and achieve equity in their

distribution

turning around lowest achieving schools.

According to the Federal Government, Common Core OFFICIALLY began in 2009 with

Race to the Top grants. As you can see, however, it was a long term plan concocted by

special interest groups withOUT buy in from individual states. They were NOT even

drafted yet. States accepted standards they had not reviewed, that had not been

internationally benchmarked, and had not been field tested.

The Federal Government knew states were in economic disarray and would fall to

pressures in order to receive the funding associated with Race to the Top. To increase

the pressure, in March 2010, the Department of Educations Blueprint for Reform stated

that in 2015, states will not receive formula funds (for other programs funded by the

federal government like Title I funding) if they had not fully adopted and implemented

Common Core.

As standards were drafted, curriculum experts like Dr. Sandra Strotsky and Dr. Mark

Bauerlein, refused to sign off on them, for a number of reasons.

English Language Arts

Required and suggested texts emphasize technical and informational

texts and literary nonfiction

rather than traditional fictional literature.

Foundational American documents are only suggested, not required.

Suggested texts include government manuals (i.e. EPA documents)

States must implement the standards word for word; they cannot alter or deviate from

the curriculum, thus eliminating the ability of a teacher to be creative and innovative for

his or her particular students.

Standards are actually owned and managed by the NGA and CCSSO, leaving absolutely

no state control over what is mandated.